Indian all-purpose flour is known as Maida. Maida is used in many Indian flatbreads such as roti, naan, baalti. All-purpose flour or pastry flour found in United States is considered the best substitute for Maida. Our recommendation is use both or mixture of both depenbding on personal preference or recipe.
While making Maida, most of wheat grain bran, which contains fiber and other nutrients, and germ, which consist of vitamin E and polyunsaturated fat, are removed. The remaining wheat grain consisting endosperm containing carbohydrate. Thus, Maida may not be a good source of nutrition. For many recipe, maida can be substituted with Atta, which is whole wheat flour and contains more nutrition.